Prognostic Impact of Primary Tumor Location on Clinical Outcomes of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treated With Cetuximab Plus Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy: A Subgroup Analysis of the JACCRO CC-05/06 Trials

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Abstract

Introduction:

Primary tumor location is a critical prognostic factor in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC); however, it remains unclear whether tumor location is a predictor of the response to cetuximab treatment. It is also uncertain if BRAF mutation contributes to the impact of tumor location on survival. We assessed the prognostic impact of tumor location on clinical outcomes in mCRC patients treated with first-line cetuximab chemotherapy.

Patients and Methods:

The associations of tumor location with overall survival and progression-free survival were evaluated in mCRC patients with KRAS exon 2 wild-type tumors who were enrolled onto 2 clinical trials: JACCRO CC-05 of cetuximab plus FOLFOX (n = 57, UMIN000004197) and CC-06 of cetuximab plus SOX (n = 61, UMIN000007022). Tumors proximal or from splenic flexure to rectum were defined as right-sided or left-sided, respectively. In addition, exploratory RAS and BRAF mutation analyses were performed.

Results:

A total of 110 patients were assessable for tumor location; 90 had left-sided tumors. Left-sided tumors were significantly associated with longer overall survival (36.2 vs. 12.6 months, hazard ratio = 0.28, P < .0001) and progression-free survival (11.1 vs. 5.6 months, hazard ratio = 0.47, P = .0041) than right-sided tumors; similar results were obtained in multivariate analysis. A subanalysis showed that the association was evident in the FOLFOX group and that tumor location was an independent prognostic factor irrespective of BRAF status in RAS wild-type patients.

Conclusion:

Primary tumor location might be a predictor of survival independent of BRAF status in mCRC patients who receive first-line cetuximab combined with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy.

Primary tumor location is a prognostic factor in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We assessed the prognostic impact of tumor location on survival and the association betweenBRAFmutation and tumor sidedness in mCRC patients treated with cetuximab. Tumor location is a prognostic marker for first-line cetuximab plus oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, irrespective ofBRAFstatus.

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