Three-Dimensional Analysis of Component Stability of the Nellix Endovascular Aneurysm Sealing System After Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess short-term stability and conformational changes of the Nellix EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing (EVAS) System using 3-dimensional (3D) analysis. Methods: Postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans obtained at 0, 3, and 12 months in 24 patients (mean age 75±7 years; 22 men) who underwent EVAS between December 2013 and December 2014 for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm (within the instructions for use) were evaluated for stent-graft deviation in multiple planes using dedicated 3D analysis software. In addition, 2D analysis using an anatomically fixed reference landmark was performed to assess craniocaudal migration. Clinical and follow-up data of the patients were recorded and matched with results of the imaging analysis. Results: Overall stability of the Nellix endografts was promising. Relevant conformational changes in the majority of cases were limited to the iliac graft segment and were clinically benign in all cases. Conversely, the only deviation of the proximal stent-graft segment was found in a patient with type Ia endoleak. Additional 2D analysis found relevant (≥5 mm) caudal migration of the Nellix stent-graft in 6 patients, including the one with the type Ia endoleak. In 3 patients, 3D analysis demonstrated the absence of relevant conformational changes of the endografts despite caudal migration. Conclusion: Overall stability of the separate EVAS stent-grafts is promising in the short term. Relevant conformational changes (stent-graft deviation) in the majority of cases were benign and confined to the iliac segment.

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