The risk of melanoma and hematologic cancers in patients with psoriasis

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Abstract

Background

The risk of melanoma and hematologic cancers in patients with psoriasis is controversial.

Objective

We sought to assess the risk of melanoma and hematologic cancers in patients with psoriasis, and the association with different treatments.

Methods

We used case-control and retrospective cohort designs to determine melanoma or hematologic cancer risk in patients with psoriasis. Risk with treatment type was assessed using Fisher exact test.

Results

Patients with psoriasis had 1.53 times greater risk of developing a malignancy compared with patients without psoriasis (P < .01). There were no significant differences in malignancy risk among patients treated with topicals, phototherapy, systemics, or biologic agents. Patients with psoriasis and malignancy did not have significantly worse survival than patients without psoriasis.

Limitations

It is possible that patients developed malignancy subsequent to the follow-up time included in the study.

Conclusion

Patients with psoriasis may experience an elevated risk of melanoma and hematologic cancers, compared with the general population. The risk is not increased by systemic or biologic psoriasis therapies.

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