A randomised controlled trial comparing a dietary antiplatelet, the water-soluble tomato extract Fruitflow, with 75mg aspirin in healthy subjects

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:

Increasing numbers of food ingredients are gaining acknowledgement, via regulated health claims, of benefits to human health. One such is a water-soluble tomato extract, Fruitflow (FF), a dietary antiplatelet. We examined relative platelet responses to FF and to 75 mg aspirin (ASA) in healthy subjects.

SUBJECTS/METHODS:

A total of 47 healthy subjects completed a double-blinded randomised controlled trial following a crossover design. Acute and 7-day treatments with 75 mg ASA were compared with control with and without concomitant FF, over a 5-h timecourse. Platelet aggregation response agonist, platelet thromboxane A2 release, plasma clotting times and time to form a primary haemostatic clot (PFA-100 closure time, TTC) were measured.

RESULTS:

Administration of all treatments lowered platelet function and thromboxane A2 generation, and extended the TTC, relative to baseline (P < 0.001) and to control (P < 0.001). Plasma clotting times were not affected. A single 75 mg dose of ASA showed approximately equal efficacy to a dose of FF, whereas daily 75 mg ASA was approximately three times as effective after 7 days (P = 0.002). Platelet responses were heterogenous with distinct weak and strong responder groups. Weak ASA responders retained a functional platelet response to collagen agonist and were responsive to FF. Concomitant FF and ASA did not lead to significant additive effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

The suppression of platelet function observed after consuming FF is approximately one-third that of daily 75 mg ASA. The reversible action of FF renders it less likely to overextend the time to form a primary haemostatic clot than ASA, an important safety consideration for primary prevention.

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