MYD88,CD79B, andCARD11Gene Mutations in CD5-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

CD5-positive (CD5+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is characterized by frequent central nervous system recurrence and a predominant activated B-cell-like nature. Primary DLBCL in sanctuary sites (DLBCL-SS) also demonstrates these features, and >70% of patients harbor myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MYD88) (L265P) and CD79B mutations. The objective of the current study was to elucidate a possible relationship between CD5+ DLBCL and DLBCL-SS.

METHODS:

MYD88, CD79B, CD79A, and caspase recruitment domain family member 11 (CARD11) mutations were examined in samples from 40 patients with CD5+ DLBCL. Mutation analysis was performed by direct sequencing.

RESULTS:

MYD88 and CD79B mutations were detected in 33% (13 patients) and 38% (15 patients), respectively, of the 40 patients with CD5+ DLBCL. Ten patients had these 2 gene mutations, and 1 had a CD79A mutation. One of 2 patients with testicular involvement had both MYD88 and CD79B mutations. The other patient had a MYD88 mutation alone. None of the 31 patients examined was found to have a CARD11 mutation. MYD88 and CD79B mutations were found to be associated with localized disease (P = .038 and P = .003, respectively). Primary extranodal lymphoma was associated with higher frequencies of mutations in MYD88 or both MYD88 and CD79B (P = .008 and P = .014, respectively). There was no significant difference in overall survival based on MYD88 and CD79B mutation status.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidence of MYD88 and CD79B mutations in patients with CD5+ DLBCL is lower than that in patients with DLBCL-SS, suggesting that CD5+ DLBCL is not the same disease as DLBCL-SS in terms of gene mutation status. CARD11 mutations are rare in patients with CD5+ DLBCL.

The frequency of myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MYD88) and CD79B gene mutations in CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is lower than that in primary DLBCL occurring within sanctuary sites. Caspase recruitment domain family member 11 (CARD11) gene mutations are uncommon in patients with CD5-positive DLBCL.

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