A 3-Center Study Reveals New Insights Into the Impact of Non-HLA Antibodies on Lung Transplantation Outcome

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Abstract

Background

The presence of antibodies to angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) and endothelin type A receptor (ETAR) is associated with allograft rejection in kidney and heart transplantation. The aim of our study was to determine the impact of AT1R and ETAR antibodies on graft outcome in lung transplantation.

Methods

Pretransplant and posttransplant sera from 162 lung recipients transplanted at 3 centers between 2011 and 2013 were tested for antibodies to AT1R and ETAR by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assay. Clinical parameters analyzed were: HLA antibodies at transplant, de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSA), antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), acute cellular rejection, and graft status.

Results

Late AMR (median posttransplant day 323) was diagnosed in 5 of 36 recipients with de novo DSA. Freedom from AMR significantly decreased for those recipients with strong/intermediate binding antibodies to AT1R (P = 0.014) and ETAR (P = 0.005). Trends for lower freedom from acute cellular rejection were observed for recipients with pretransplant antibodies to AT1R (P = 0.19) and ETAR (P = 0.32), but did not reach statistical significance. Lower freedom from the development of de novo DSA was observed for recipients with antibodies detected pretransplant to AT1R (P = 0.054), ETAR (P = 0.012), and HLA-specific antibodies (P = 0.063). When the pretransplant antibody status of HLA-specific antibody (hazard ratio [HR], 1.69) was considered together with either strong binding to AT1R or ETAR, an increased negative impact on the freedom from the development of de novo DSA was observed (HR, 2.26 for HLA antibodies and ETAR; HR, 2.38 for HLA antibodies and ETAR).

Conclusions

These results illustrate the increased negative impact when antibodies to both HLA and non-HLA antigens are present pretransplant.

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