Brief Report: The Impact of Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir on HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Japanese Hemophilia Patients With 1, 4, and Mixed-Genotype HCV

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Abstract

Introduction:

Approximately 80% of patients with hemophilia who received nonheated coagulation factor concentrates in the early 1980s were infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and approximately 40% of them were infected with HIV.

Aim:

We evaluated the efficacy and safety of administering ledipasvir (LDV)/sofosbuvir (SOF) to Japanese patients with hemophilia.

Methods:

Forty-three patients with hemophilia with genotype 1 or 4 HCV were treated with LDV/SOF for 12 weeks. The efficacy, safety, and results of the laboratory tests were evaluated.

Results:

Twenty patients were coinfected with HIV and HCV. The sustained virological response (SVR) at 12 weeks after therapy was 90% in HIV-positive patients and 100% in HIV-negative patients. The efficacy of LDV/SOF was not significantly different between HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients (P = 0.12). However, the rate of SVR at 12 weeks after therapy in the patients with cirrhosis was significantly lower than that in patients without cirrhosis (P = 0.005). Overall, 20 patients (46%) had adverse events, and while the severity of most was mild to moderate, 3 were serious, including 1 death in the HIV-positive group. All patients completed treatment with no alterations in the antiretroviral regimen. No significant abnormalities in the renal function were detected in patients taking an antiretroviral regimen of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate.

Conclusions:

In this cohort study, LDV/SOF was effective and safe, but the SVR in patients with cirrhosis was lower than that in the noncirrhosis group. Thus, patients with hemophilia with genotype 1/4 HCV should be treated as early as possible before the onset of cirrhosis.

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