Patterns of Performance of Oncologic Surgery by North American Pediatric Urologists: A Report from the Pediatric Urologic Oncology Working Group of the Society for Pediatric Urology
Objective data on patterns of oncology practice among pediatric urologists are lacking. We reviewed surgical case logs submitted to the American Board of Urology by those self-reporting as pediatric urologists. We hypothesized that logs would reveal a low oncology volume (fewer than 5 cases) and identify orchiectomy as the most common oncology cases, and that less than 25% of logs would show nephrectomy for renal tumor.Materials and Methods:
Case logs submitted for American Board of Urology certification, recertification or pediatric subspecialty certification were reviewed and standardized to represent 12-month practice. Data were collected on pediatric oncologic surgeries as noted by procedure codes linked with oncologic diagnosis codes for patients up to age 30 years.Results:
We identified 281 case logs meeting study criteria. A total of 364 oncology cases were logged and 131 logs (46.6%) listed at least 1 oncology case, while 150 (53.4%) contained no oncology cases. The 75th, 90th and 95th percentiles of oncology volume were represented by reporting 2, 3 and 4 cases, respectively. A total of 13 logs (4.6%) accounted for more than a third of all oncology cases (35.9%). The most frequent oncology case logged was orchiectomy, which was documented in 83 logs (29.5%). On Poisson regression surgeon variables associated with higher oncology volume included male gender (IRR 2.8, 95% CI 2.1−3.9), 2010 log year (IRR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3−4.4), 2015 log year (IRR 3.7, 95% CI 2.1−6.4) and nonpediatric subspecialty certification log (IRR 1.6, 95% CI 1.2−2.3).Conclusions:
Few pediatric urologists perform a high volume of oncologic surgeries based on surgical case logs submitted to the American Board of Urology. A small cohort of pediatric urologists logged the majority of such cases.