Targeted temperature management after cardiac arrest with anaphylaxis.

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Abstract

Fatal anaphylaxis is uncommon but not rare. Extrapolated mortality rates are 0.52% of total anaphylaxis patients Bock et al. (Jan. 2001) [1]. Nevertheless, compared with the incidence of the other cardiac arrest events, the incidence of cardiac arrest due to anaphylaxis is relatively small. As a result, the effect using targeted temperature management after anaphylaxis is not clearly understood. We report the case of a 63-year-old man who developed cardiac arrest after ingestion of two pieces of peach. He was resuscitated and his circulation returned spontaneously after approximately 11min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but he was unresponsive and had fixed dilated pupils. We initiated therapeutic hypothermia on the basis of protocol for 24h. The patient was gradually and successfully cooled and rewarmed. The patient opened his eyes spontaneously on day 5, obeyed commands on day 6, and was discharged on day 18. At the time of discharge, he had no neurologic deficiencies or other complications.

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