Automated Infarct Core Volumetry Within the Hypoperfused Tissue: Technical Implementation and Evaluation

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Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to develop a rapid and fully automatic infarct core and tissue at risk volumetry approach in acute ischemic stroke.

Methods

We evaluated an algorithm in which segmentation was restricted to 1 hemisphere and the potential lesion characterized on the basis of the perfusion parameter Tmax with a region-wise comparison of local histograms to its mirrored counterpart.

Results

We applied the “Tmax inside” method to 30 cases of a public data set with ground-truth segmentations for diffusion-weighted and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging. Lesions were robustly identified with significantly higher dice coefficients (apparent diffusion coefficient, 0.83 ± 0.22; Tmax, 0.80 ± 0.05, compared with 0.53 ± 0.27 and 0.56 ± 0.18) than for a global thresholding approach.

Conclusions

The proposed “Tmax inside” method is superior to the commonly used global thresholding approach. Furthermore, the method allows evaluating changes in cerebral blood volume and blood flow by taking the counterpart in the healthy hemisphere as a patient-individual reference.

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