Serotypes not Included in 13-Valent Pneumococcal Vaccine as Causes of Acute Otitis Media with Spontaneous Tympanic Membrane Perforation in a Geographic Area with High Vaccination Coverage

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In 177 children living in an area with high 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 coverage, who had acute otitis media complicated with spontaneous tympanic membrane perforation, Streptococcus pneumoniae was identified in the middle ear fluid of 48 (27.1%) subjects, with 37 (77.1%) cases caused by nonpneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 serotypes.

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