Prevalence and Predictors of Hospitalizations Among HIV-Infected and At-Risk HIV-Uninfected Women

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Abstract

Objectives:

We evaluated the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) Index score, an index composed of age, CD4 count, viral load, hemoglobin, Hepatitis C coinfection, Fibrosis Index-4, and estimated glomerular filtration rate, and psychosocial and clinical risk factors for all-cause hospitalization among HIV-infected women on highly active antiretroviral therapy and HIV-uninfected women.

Methods:

Data were collected from 2008 to 2014 from 1585 highly active antiretroviral therapy-experienced HIV infected and 692 uninfected women. Cox proportional hazards regression evaluated predictors of first hospitalization over 2 years.

Results:

Among HIV-infected women, VACS Index score (per 5 points) [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.08; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 to 1.11], Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CESD) scores ≥16 (aHR 1.61; 95% CI: 1.30 to 1.99), smoking (aHR 1.26; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.55), abuse history (aHR 1.52; 95% CI: 1.20 to 1.93), diabetes (aHR 1.63; 95% CI: 1.31 to 2.04), and black race (aHR 1.28; 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.59) increased risk of hospitalization. Among HIV-uninfected women, VACS Index score (aHR 1.08; 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.13), CESD scores ≥16 (aHR 1.38; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.86), diabetes (aHR 2.15; 95% CI: 1.57 to 2.95), and black race (aHR 1.61; 95% CI: 1.15 to 2.24) predicted subsequent hospitalization.

Conclusions:

Psychosocial and clinical factors were associated with risk of hospitalization independently of the VACS Index score. Additional research on contextual and psychosocial influences on health outcomes among women is needed.

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