Safety and Immunogenicity of the Quadrivalent Meningococcal Serogroups A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine Coadministered With Routine Childhood Vaccines in European Infants: An Open, Randomized Trial

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Abstract

Background:

This was the first study evaluating the immunogenicity and safety of the quadrivalent meningococcal tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) coadministered with routine childhood vaccines in young infants.

Methods:

In this open, randomized, controlled, phase III study (NCT01144663), 2095 infants (ages 6–12 weeks) were randomized (1:1:1:1) into 4 groups to receive MenACWY-TT at 2, 3, 4 and 12 months of age, or MenACWY-TT, MenC-cross-reactive material (CRM197) or MenC-TT at 2, 4 and 12 months of age. All participants received PHiD-CV and DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib at 2, 3, 4 and 12 months of age. Immune responses were measured by serum bactericidal activity assays using rabbit (rSBA) and human (hSBA) complement. Solicited and unsolicited symptoms were recorded during 8 and 31 days post-vaccination, respectively, and serious adverse events throughout the study.

Results:

Noninferiority of immune responses to MenC induced by 2 or 3 doses of MenACWY-TT versus 2 doses of MenC-TT or MenC-CRM197 was demonstrated. Predefined criteria for the immunogenicity of MenACWY-TT to MenA, MenW and MenY were met. One month after 2 or 3 primary MenACWY-TT doses, ≥93.1% and ≥88.5% of infants had rSBA and hSBA titers ≥1:8 for all serogroups. The robust increases in rSBA and hSBA titers observed for all vaccine serogroups postbooster vaccination suggested that MenACWY-TT induced immune memory. MenACWY-TT coadministered with childhood vaccines had a clinically acceptable safety profile.

Conclusions:

This study supports the coadministration of MenACWY-TT with routine childhood vaccines as 2 or 3 primary doses during infancy followed by a booster dose in the second year of life.

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