Clinical Outcome ofALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients with De NovoEGFRorKRASCo-Mutations Receiving Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs)

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Introduction

NSCLC with de novo anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase gene (ALK) rearrangements and EGFR or KRAS mutations co-occur very rarely. Outcomes with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in these patients are poorly understood.

Methods

Outcomes of patients with metastatic NSCLC de novo co-alterations of ALK/EGFR or ALK/KRAS detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (ALK) and sequencing (EGFR/KRAS) from six Swiss centers were analyzed.

Results

A total of 14 patients with adenocarcinoma were identified. Five patients had ALK/EGFR co-alterations and nine had ALK/KRAS co-alterations. Six of seven patients with ALK/KRAS co-alterations (86%) were primary refractory to crizotinib. One patient has had ongoing disease stabilization for 26 months. Of the patients with ALK/EGFR co-alterations, one immediately progressed after receiving crizotinib for 1.3 months and two had a partial response for 5.7 and 7.3 months, respectively. Three of four patients with ALK/EGFR co-alterations treated with an EGFR TKI achieved one or more responses in different lines of therapy: four patients had a partial response, three with afatinib and one with osimertinib. One patient achieved a complete remission with osimertinib, and one patient was primary refractory to erlotinib. Median PFS during treatment with a first EGFR TKI was 5.8 months (range 3.0–6.9 months).

Conclusions

De novo concurrent ALK/KRAS co-alterations were associated with resistance to ALK TKI treatment in seven out of eight patients. In patients with ALK/EGFR co-alterations, outcomes with ALK and EGFR TKIs seem inferior to what would be expected in patients with either alteration alone, but further studies are needed to clarify which patients with ALK/EGFR co-alterations may still benefit from the respective TKI.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles