Risk factors for preeclampsia in infertile Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A prospective cohort study.

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Abstract

To explore preconception risk factors for preeclampsia (PE) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a prospective cohort study was conducted in 92 infertile Chinese women with PCOS who had a singleton pregnancy by ovulation induction and were followed up for 6 weeks after delivery. The patients underwent assessment of physical, endocrine, and metabolic features before ovulation induction. Fifteen (16.3%) patients were diagnosed with PE. Logistic regression analysis showed that preconception sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), insulin level at 120 minutes, and body mass index were three independent risk factors for PE (odds ratio [OR], 0.981; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.964-0.998 [P=.027]; OR, 1.011; 95% CI, 1.000-1.021 [P=.048]; and OR, 1.249; 95% CI, 0.992-1.572 [P=.059], respectively). Receiver operator characteristic analysis indicated the risk value of prepregnancy SHBG, insulin level at 120 minutes, and body mass index (area under the curve=.788, .686, and .697, respectively). Preconception low SHBG levels, overweight/obesity, and hyperinsulinism might be correlated with the subsequent development of PE in patients with PCOS.

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