Efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696) add-on to amlodipine in Asian patients with systolic hypertension uncontrolled with amlodipine monotherapy
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696, an angiotensin receptor and neprilysin inhibitor) add-on to amlodipine compared with amlodipine monotherapy in Asian patients with systolic hypertension uncontrolled with amlodipine.Methods:
Patients with mean clinic SBP at least 145 mmHg and less than 180 mmHg after a 4-week treatment with amlodipine 5 mg/day were randomized to receive LCZ696/amlodipine (200/5 mg/day) or amlodipine 5 mg/day for 8 weeks. The primary assessment was the superiority of LCZ696/amlodipine versus amlodipine in lowering 24-h ambulatory SBP from baseline to week 8. Secondary assessments included 24-h ambulatory DBP and pulse pressure (PP), daytime and night-time BP, clinic BP and PP, BP control/responder rate (<140/90 mmHg or a reduction ≥20/10 mmHg from baseline), and safety.Results:
Of the 371 patients screened, 266 (71.7%) patients (mean age 55.4 years; 24-h SBP/DBP 139.0/86.1 mmHg at baseline) who did not respond to 4-week treatment with amlodipine 5 mg/day were randomized. At week 8, LCZ696/amlodipine provided greater reductions in 24-h SBP compared with amlodipine monotherapy from baseline (−13.9 versus −0.8 mmHg, P < 0.001). All the secondary efficacy assessments were significantly (P < 0.001) in favour of LCZ696/amlodipine, for instance, 24-h PP (−5.8 versus −0.6 mmHg). Overall, the incidence of adverse events was 20.0% with LCZ696/amlodipine and 21.3% with amlodipine.Conclusion:
LCZ696/amlodipine showed significantly greater 24-h ambulatory BP and PP reductions compared with amlodipine monotherapy. Both treatments were generally well tolerated. Therefore, LCZ696/amlodipine combination could be an effective treatment for patients with systolic hypertension uncontrolled with amlodipine.