Survival after associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) for advanced colorectal liver metastases: A case-matched comparison with palliative systemic therapy
Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) allows the resection of colorectal liver metastases with curative intent which would otherwise be unresectable and only eligible for palliative systemic therapy. This study aimed to compare outcomes of ALPPS in patients with otherwise unresectable colorectal liver metastases with matched historic controls treated with palliative systemic treatment.Methods.
All patients with colorectal liver metastases from the international ALPPS registry were identified and analyzed. Survival data were compared according to the extent of disease. Otherwise unresectable ALPPS patients were defined by at least 2 of the following criteria: ≥6 metastasis, ≥2 future remnant liver metastasis, ≥6 involved segments excluding segment 1. These patients were matched with patients included in 2, phase 3, metastatic, colorectal cancer trials (CAIRO and CAIRO2) using propensity scoring in order to compare survival.Results.
Of 295 patients with colorectal liver metastases in the ALPPS registry, 70 patients had otherwise unresectable disease defined by the proposed criteria. Two-year overall survival was 49% and 72% for patients with ≥2 and <2 criteria, respectively (P = .002). Median disease-free survival was 6 months compared to 12 months (P < .001) in the ≥2 and <2 criteria groups, respectively. Median overall survival was comparable between ALPPS patients with ≥2 criteria and case-matched patients who received palliative treatment (24.0 vs 17.6 months, P = .088).Conclusion.
Early oncologic outcomes of patients with advanced liver metastases undergoing ALPPS were not superior to results of matched patients receiving systemic treatment with palliative intent. Careful patient selection is essential in order to improve outcomes.