Biologic drug survival in Israeli psoriasis patients

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Abstract

Background

Drug survival is defined as the time period of treatment with a certain drug until its cessation. The role of previous exposure to traditional systemic treatments in biologic survival is still unknown.

Objective

To investigate the drug survival rates of biologic treatments in patients with psoriasis and to identify predictor factors.

Methods

Survival analysis was performed on patients with severe psoriasis who received adalimumab, infliximab, etanercept, and ustekinumab for treatment of psoriasis, drawn from the Clalit Health Services database. Multivariate analysis was performed adjusting for demographic variables; metabolic syndrome and its components; psoriatic arthritis; biologic naivety; coadministration of methotrexate, acitretin, or cyclosporine; and previous standard systemic treatment exposure.

Results

Among 907 patients treated with 1575 biologic treatments, ustekinumab had a significantly higher survival rate than tumor necrosis factor inhibitors. Biologic naivety and concomitant methotrexate intake were positive predictors for drug survival, whereas the female sex and the duration of previous systemic treatments were negative predictors.

Limitations

Data regarding disease severity or duration could not be drawn from the Clalit Health Services database.

Conclusion

Ustekinumab had better retention rates in comparison with other investigated biologics in patients with severe psoriasis, most of whom used it as a third line therapy.

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