Telomerase-specific oncolytic adenovirus expressing TRAIL suppresses peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer
Peritoneal dissemination is the most common condition of metastasis in gastric cancer. The survival duration of a patient with advanced stage gastric cancer, may be improved by gene therapy. In this study, we used an oncolytic adenovirus vector (Ad/TRAIL-E1) that expresses both the TRAIL and E1A genes under the control of a tumor-specific promoter. We evaluated the anti-tumor effect of Ad/TRAIL-E1 on gastric cancer cells in vitro, as well as in vivo in a xenograft peritoneal carcinomatosis mouse model. Our data showed that Ad/TRAIL-E1 induced TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in gastric cancer cell lines, but not in the normal cell lines. In addition, Ad/TRAIL-E1 significantly inhibited peritoneal metastasis and prolonged the survival of mice without treatment-related toxicity. Therefore, tumor-specific TRAIL expression from an oncolytic adenovirus vector may provide a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of advance stage gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination.