Stage of fibrosis and portal pressure correlation in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement correlates with staging of liver fibrosis. Patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) have a different pattern of fibrosis compared with hepatitis C virus (HCV) with possible alterations in pressures.Aim
The aim of this study was to compare portal pressures with the stage of fibrosis in NASH in comparison with other liver diseases.Patients and methods
Records of all patients who had undergone transjugular liver biopsy with pressure measurements between January 2001 and June 2013 were reviewed. Wedge hepatic venous pressure (WHVP) and HVPG were compared with stages of fibrosis in liver diseases of different etiologies.Results
Among 142 patients included in this study, the liver disease etiology was as follows: HCV (26.6%) and NASH (24.6%), with the remaining (38.7%) grouped under other categories. The mean age of the patients was 51.2±11.5 years, with more men with HCV (73.1%) compared with NASH (51.4%) in terms of etiology (P=0.046). There were strong correlations between the stage of fibrosis with both the HVPG (r=0.64; P<0.0001) and the WHVP (r=0.63; P<0.0001) in NASH patients. Compared with HCV patients, NASH patients had a lower HVPG (3.4±2.4 vs. 7.5±11 mmHg/stage; P=0.01) with a coefficient estimate of −0.24 (P=0.017) and WHVP (9.6±5.5 vs. 14.6±15.2 mmHg/stage; P=0.03) for the stage of fibrosis.Conclusion
HVPG and WHVP measurements were strongly correlated with stages of fibrosis in NASH. Patients with NASH had lower HVPG and WHVP for each stage of fibrosis compared with HCV patients. This raises the concern of underestimation of pressures by HVPG in NASH etiology for the stage of disease or increased fibrosis despite lower pressures in them.