Reducing peripherally inserted central catheters in the neonatal intensive care unit
Our objective was to safely reduce the number of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) inserted in infants with umbilical venous catheter using quality improvement methods.STUDY DESIGN:
In a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, a questionnaire designed to prompt critical thinking around the decision to place a PICC, along with an updated standardized feeding guideline was introduced. PICC insertion in 86 infants with umbilical venous catheter (pre intervention) with birth weight 1000-1500 g were compared with 115 infants (post intervention) using Fisher's exact test.RESULTS:
PICC lines inserted after the intervention decreased by 37.5% (67/86; 77.9% vs 56/115; 48.7%; P<0.001). The proportion of central line-associated blood stream infection were 2.49 vs 2.82/1000 umbilical venous catheter days; P = 0.91 in the two epochs, respectively.CONCLUSION:
Quality improvement methodology was successful in significantly reducing the number of PICCs inserted without an increase in central line-associated blood stream infection.