To investigate the incidence rate and risk factors for development of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) atrophy during anti–vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for retinal angiomatous proliferation.Methods:
This study included 46 eyes with treatment-naive retinal angiomatous proliferation. All patients were treated with ranibizumab or aflibercept injections. Color fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and fundus autofluorescence were evaluated for RPE atrophy diagnosis. Baseline characteristics and gene polymorphisms of ARMS2 A69S, and CFH I62V were analyzed for association with development and progression of RPE atrophy.Results:
Among 21 eyes treated with ranibizumab without preexisting RPE atrophy at baseline, 5 eyes (23.8%) developed RPE atrophy at 12 months. Among 20 eyes treated with aflibercept without preexisting RPE atrophy at baseline, 10 eyes (50.0%) developed RPE atrophy at 12 months. Refractile drusen at baseline was associated with RPE atrophy development at 12 months (P = 0.014), and the progression rate of RPE atrophy area was negatively correlated with subfoveal choroidal thickness at baseline (R = −0.595, P = 0.019). Gene polymorphisms were not associated with RPE atrophy.Conclusion:
Retinal pigment epithelial atrophy developed in 36.6% during 12 months after anti-VEGF treatment for retinal angiomatous proliferation. The presence of refractile drusen at baseline was identified as a novel significant risk factor for RPE atrophy development.