Vision-Related Quality of Life Before and After Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty

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Abstract

Objectives:

To determine changes in the vision-related quality of life in patients undergoing deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) by using the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25).

Methods:

Thirty-five patients who were scheduled for DALK between March 1, 2013, and March 1, 2014 were asked to complete the NEI VFQ-25. NEI VFQ-25 was administered again at 6 months and at 1 year postoperatively. Data on patients' age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity, and postoperative astigmatism were recorded.

Results:

Successful DALK with the Anwar big bubble technique was achieved in 23 of 35 (65.7%) patients. The indications for surgery were keratoconus in 15 patients (62.2%), stromal corneal dystrophies in 4 (17%), and corneal scar in 4 (17%). The mean preoperative NEI VFQ-25 composite score (55.2±19.7) improved significantly (76.9±11.6) at 6 months after DALK and continued to improve (84.3±6.6) at 1 year postoperatively (Friedman test, P=0.001). All NEI VFQ-25 subscale item scores increased significantly after surgery. The patients' age was significantly correlated with the NEI VFQ-25 subscale score of mental health at 6 month and at 1 year postoperatively (r=0.92, P=0.008 and r=0.94, P=0.005, respectively). There was a negative relationship between postoperative astigmatism at 1 year and NEI VFQ-25 ocular pain, social functioning, peripheral vision, and mental health subscale scores (r=−0.76, P=−0.07; r=−0.53, P=0.2; r=−0.53, P=0.27; r=−0.80, P=0.05).

Conclusion:

Vision-related quality of life improved significantly after DALK and continued to improve after suture removal.

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