Liver Stiffness Measured by Shear-wave Elastography for Evaluating Intrahepatic Portal Hypertension in Children

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Abstract

Objectives:

The aim of the study was to correlate liver stiffness (LS) and hepatic venous-pressure gradient (HVPG) and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of shear-wave elastography (SWE) for predicting clinically significant portal hypertension in children with suspected liver diseases, in consideration of the reliability criteria.

Methods:

We identified 33 SWEs from 32 children who underwent HVPG measurement within 2 weeks between June 2012 and October 2015. The correlation between LS and HVPG was assessed. The diagnostic performance for predicting clinically significant portal hypertension (HVPG ≥ 10 mmHg) was assessed using the receiver-operating characteristic curve. Reliable measurement was evaluated based on the coefficient of variation (CV).

Results:

LS was significantly correlated with HVPG (r = 0.742, P < 0.001). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for predicting clinically significant portal hypertension was 0.914, and the best cutoff value of 18.4 kPa showed sensitivity of 87.5% and specificity of 84.0%. LS measurements having CV ≤ 0.2 were significantly correlated with HVPG (r = 0.774, P < .001), whereas those having CV > 0.2 did not show a significant correlation with HVPG (r = 0.598, P = 0.089).

Conclusions:

SWE had excellent diagnostic performance for predicting clinically significant portal hypertension in children with suspected liver diseases. LS measurements having CV ≤ 0.2 may possibly be used as a reliability criterion in SWE measurement.

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