Ophthalmic artery occlusion after Pipeline Embolization Device placement with reconstitution of flow via an endoleak: a report of two cases
The Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) is a flow diverting stent used in the treatment of a wide variety of intracranial aneurysms. The device differs from traditional stents used in stent-assisted coil embolization in that it has a tighter lattice structure with smaller cell sizes designed specifically to disrupt blood flow into aneurysms rather than only to retain coils within aneurysms. While the PED has been shown to be safe and effective, it has a unique risk profile that includes side branch and perforator vessel occlusion. Side branch occlusion in particular has been noted in several articles to occur at a relatively high rate with coverage of the ophthalmic artery origin by the PED. In this series, we present two cases of ophthalmic artery occlusion after PED placement with reconstitution of flow via an endoleak.