Topographic mapping of left ventricular regional contractile injury in ischemic mitral regurgitation

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Abstract

Objective:

Restrictive leaflet tethering resulting from regional left ventricular (LV) contractile injury causes ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR). We hypothesized that 3-dimensional LV topographic mapping by MRI-based multiparametric strain analysis could characterize the regional contractile injury patterns that differentiate ischemic coronary artery disease patients who have ischemic MR from those who do not.

Methods:

Magnetic resonance imaging-based multiparametric strain data were calculated for 15,300 LV grid points in 100 normal volunteers. Strain parameters from ischemic MR (n = 10) and ischemic no-MR (n = 36) patients were then normalized to this normal human strain database with z score quantification of standard deviation from the normal mean. Mean multiparametric strain z scores were calculated for 18 LV subregions (basilar/mid/apical levels; 6 LV regions). Mean strain z scores for papillary muscle-related (basilar/mid levels of anterolateral, posterolateral, and posterior) and nonpapillary muscle-related (all other) subregions were compared between ischemic MR and ischemic no-MR groups.

Results:

Across all patients, contractile injury was greater in the papillary muscle-related regions compared with the nonpapillary regions (P = .007). In the papillary regions, contractile injury was greater in the ischemic MR group compared with the no-MR group (z scores, 1.91 ± 1.13 vs 1.20 ± 1.01, respectively; P < .001). Strain values in the nonpapillary muscle-related subregions were not different between the 2 groups (1.31 ± 1.04 vs 1.20 ± 1.03; P = .301).

Conclusions:

Multiparametric strain analysis demonstrated severe normalized contractile injury in the papillary muscle-related LV subregions in patients with ischemic MR. The mean degree of normalized injury approached 2 standard deviations and was significantly worse than the levels seen in ischemic no-MR patients.

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