Greater remnant lipoprotein cholesterol reduction with pitavastatin compared with pravastatin in HIV-infected patients
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in those with HIV. An emerging CVD risk factor is triglyceride-rich remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (RLP-C: the sum of intermediate-density lipoprotein and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol). The effects of statin therapy on lipoprotein subfractions, including RLP-C, in HIV dyslipidemia are unknown.Methods:
This is a post hoc analysis of the randomized INTREPID trial (NCT 01301066) comparing pitavastatin 4 mg daily vs. pravastatin 40 mg daily in study participants with HIV. We measured apolipoproteins AI and B and lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions separated by density gradient ultracentrifugation at baseline and 12 weeks. We compared changes in atherogenic subfractions over 12 weeks in INTREPID participants using analysis of covariance.Results:
Lipoprotein subfraction data were available for 213 study participants (pitavastatin n = 104, pravastatin n = 109). Baseline characteristics were similar between treatment groups. Reductions in RLP-C were significantly greater in the pitavastatin group compared with pravastatin group (−11.6 mg/dl vs. −8.5 mg/dl; P = 0.01). Similarly, ratios of risk [apolipoproteins B/apolipoproteins AI, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] showed greater reductions with pitavastatin (P < 0.05). There were no differences in changes in HDL-C, HDL-C subfractions or lipoprotein(a) cholesterol levels.Conclusion:
In patients with HIV, pitavastatin 4 mg/dl lowered both RLP-C and established apolipoprotein and lipid risk ratios more so than pravastatin 40 mg/dl. The impact of RLP-C reduction on CVD in HIV dyslipidemic patients merits further study.