Formulation and optimization of doxorubicin loaded polymeric nanoparticles using Box-Behnken design:ex-vivostability andin-vitroactivity
Biodegradable nanoparticles (NPs) have gained tremendous interest for targeting chemotherapeutic drugs to the tumor environment. Inspite of several advances sufficient encapsulation along with the controlled release and desired size range have remained as considerable challenges. Hence, the present study examines the formulation optimization of doxorubicin loaded PLGA NPs (DOX-PLGA-NPs), prepared by single emulsion method for cancer targeting.
Critical process parameters (CPP) were selected by initial screening. Later, Box-Behnken design (BBD) was used for analyzing the effect of the selected CPP on critical quality attributes (CQA) and to generate a design space. The optimized formulation was stabilized by lyophilization and was used for in-vitro drug release and in-vitro activity on A549 cell line. Moreover, colloidal stability of the NPs in the biological milieu was assessed.
Amount of PLGA and PVA, oil:water ratio and sonication time were the selected independent factors for BBD. The statistical data showed that a quadratic model was fitted to the data obtained. Additionally, the lack of fit values for the models was not significant. The delivery system showed sustained release behavior over a period of 120 h and was governed by Fickian diffusion. The multipoint analysis at 24, 48 and 72 h showed gradual reduction in IC50 value of DOX-PLGA-NPs (p < 0.05, Fig. 9). DOX-PLGA-NPs were found to be stable in the biological fluids indicating their in-vivo applicability.
In conclusion, optimization of the DOX-PLGA-NPs by BBD yielded in a promising drug carrier for doxorubicin that could provide a novel treatment modality for cancer.