Local complement activation in aqueous humor in patients with age-related macular degeneration.
PurposeTo investigate complement activation in aqueous humor and in plasma of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).Patients and methodsAqueous humor and EDTA-plasma of 31 nAMD patients and 30 age-matched controls was collected. The levels of the complement factor 3 (C3), the regulators factor H (FH), and factor I (FI), and of the complement activation products Ba, C3a, and the terminal complement complex (sC5b-9) were measured. Associations between complement levels and phenotype were determined using Mann-Whitney U-test.ResultsIn plasma, no significant differences were found between the nAMD group and the control group. In aqueous humor, significantly increased levels of Ba (P=0.002), and C3a (P=0.002) indicate local complement activation in nAMD patients and a trend for a concomitant upregulation of the complement regulators FH (P=0.02) and FI (P=0.04).ConclusionsOur findings provide strong evidence for a local complement dysregulation in nAMD patients.