Transition from acute to chronic pain in children: novel pieces of the puzzle

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Musculoskeletal conditions are not unique to the adult population. From the age 5 to 9 years to the age 10 to 14 years, there is an almost 4-fold increase in the years lived with disability as a result of musculoskeletal conditions.7 The 1-month prevalence of back pain in adolescents ranges from 18% to 24%, and collectively, it seems adolescents are more likely to report pain compared with no pain during their adolescence.6 Pain during adolescence has a detrimental effect on physical activity, health-related quality of life, anxiety, school attendance, participation in hobbies, and social activities and can cause disturbances in appetite, sleep, and mental health.1,11 Persistent and recurrent chronic pain is prevalent in adolescents and must be recognized as a major health concern in this population.6 A worrying fact is that the prevalence rates of childhood pain have increased over the last several decades.
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