Sex Differences in Psychiatric Hospitalizations of Individuals With Psychotic Disorders

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Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the association between sex and hospitalization characteristics in psychotic disorders. We identified all acute hospitalizations, between 2010 and 2013, for psychotic disorders in patients younger than 45 and older than 55 years (n = 5411) in the hospital's database. In addition, we identified patients who were prescribed with intramuscular risperidone (n = 280) or clozapine (n = 192) at discharge. The results showed that women younger than 45 years had lower proportions of hospitalizations (33.52% vs. 66.47%) and involuntary hospitalizations (33.85% vs. 45.55%) than did men in the same age group. Women older than 55 years had higher proportions of hospitalizations (57.22% vs. 42.77%) and similar proportion of involuntary hospitalizations. Women younger than 45 years were prescribed similar doses of intramuscular risperidone and lower doses of clozapine (345.8 vs. 380.2 mg) and women older than 55 years were prescribed higher doses of intramuscular risperidone (44.8 vs. 34.4 mg/2 weeks) and clozapine (164.32 vs. 154.5 mg) than were men in the same age group. Women in the reproductive years have better hospitalization characteristics than do men on these measures.

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