Sarcopenia is associated with incident albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes: A retrospective observational study
Sarcopenia, defined as age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, increases the risk of albuminuria. However, it has still unknown whether sarcopenia could increase the risk for the progression of albuminuria. A total 238 patients with type 2 diabetes (mean age 64 ± 12 years; 39.2% women) were studied in the present retrospective observational study. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 17.6%. During the median follow-up period of 2.6 years, albuminuria was measured 5.8 ± 1.8 times, and progression of albuminuria was observed in 14.9% of patients with normoalbuminuria, as was 11.5% in those with microalbuminuria. Sarcopenia was significantly associated with both progression (hazard ratio 2.61, 95% confidence interval 1.08–6.31, P = 0.034) and regression (hazard ratio 0.23, 95% confidence interval 0.05–0.98, P = 0.048) of albuminuria by multivariate Cox regression analysis. The present data suggest that sarcopenia is an important determinant of both progression and regression of albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Our results showed that sarcopenia is an important determinant of both progression and regression of albuminuria in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes.