The influence of time on determining blood flow restriction pressure.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate the influence of time, within and between days, on arterial occlusion pressure and to determine whether the variability resembles the oscillatory pattern of bSBP.

DESIGN

Test-retest.

METHODS

Twenty-two participants completed four testing sessions at 08:00 and 18:00h, 48h apart. Arm circumference, bSBP, and brachial diastolic blood pressure (bDBP) were measured at rest. Arterial occlusion pressure was determined using a cuff inflated on the proximal portion of the upper arm, with a Doppler probe placed over the radial artery.

RESULTS

Significant differences [mean (SD)] were observed for arterial occlusion pressure between Morning Day 2 [132 (14) mmHg, p<0.05], and all other visits [Morning Day 1: 138 (16); Evening Day 1: 139 (17); Evening Day 2 138 (14) mmHg]. A time effect was observed for bSBP, with a post-hoc test revealing that Morning Day 2 was different from all other visits.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings suggest that arterial occlusion pressure is influenced by the time of day. As such, multiple occlusion measurements across an experiment may be necessary in order to account for potential oscillations in pressure and provide the intended relative restrictive stimulus.

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