Suicide in patients with genitourinary malignancies

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Abstract

Genitourinary cancers are significant causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. The present review summarises the current literature on suicide and its risk factors among patients with genitourinary cancers. The review was based on relevant articles published in MEDLINE, ProQuest, PsycINFO, Science Direct and Scopus databases. Patients with prostate cancer represented the most important risk group for suicide, among patients with urogenital cancers. Other risk factors are male gender, older age, white race, advanced disease, living alone and co-existing psychological comorbidities. Findings from the review call for a greater caregiver awareness on psychosocial morbidity and suicidality among genitourinary cancer patients pre- and post-treatment and their early identification, adoption of risk-reduction strategies and prompt referral for expert mental health care.

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