Advantages of 3D ultrasound in the assessment of fetal abnormalities
Three-/four-dimensional (3D/4D) imaging enables a more detailed survey of the embryo and the fetus compared to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. The availability of several display modes and standardized examinations permits the demonstration of both the normal and abnormal fetal anatomy in controlled planes and rendered images from different angles. This allows the demonstration of even subtle fetal defects in an ideal sectional plane in a precisely rendered surface or transparent image viewed from an optimal angle. When counseling the parents, the rendered images can help them understand the severity of an existing malformation or, conversely, ensure them of the absence of any fetal abnormality. This is particularly useful in cases with an increased recurrence risk of a specific fetal malformation.