Job Demands, Job Resources, Burnout, Work Engagement, and Their Relationships: An Analysis Across Sectors

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Abstract

Objective:

The aim of this study was to gain insight in the importance of job demands and resources and the validity of the Job Demands Resources Model across sectors.

Methods:

We used one-way analyses of variance to examine mean differences, and multi-group Structural Equation Modeling analyses to test the strength of the relationships among job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement across the health care, industry, service, and public sector.

Results:

The four sectors differed in the experience of job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement, but they did not vary in how (strongly) job demands and resources associated with burnout and work engagement.

Conclusion:

More attention is needed to decrease burnout and increase work engagement, particularly in industry, service, and the public sector. The Job Demands-Resources model may be helpful in this regard, as it is valid across sectors.

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