Influence of an iodonium salt on the properties of dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements

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Abstract

Statement of problem.

Dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements present mechanical properties that may adversely affect the clinical performance of luted fiber-reinforced posts.

Purpose.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the properties of dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements after the addition of an onium salt.

Material and methods.

The experimental groups were set according to the molar concentration of diphenyliodonium hexafluorphosphate (DPIHFP) (0.5, 1, and 2 mol%). The resin cements were submitted to a push-out bond strength test and assessed for flexural strength (ISO 4049/2009), degree of conversion (Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy), depth of polymerization, swelling coefficient, and degradation in solvent. The data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA, Tukey test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Dunn multiple comparison, and paired Studentttest (α=.05).

Results.

All the RelyX U100 groups with onium salt showed the highest degree of conversion after 24 hours and 7 days (P<.001). However, no statistical difference was found among the BisCem groups (P=.054). The addition of 0.5 mol% DPIHFP increased the push-out bond strength and microhardness of RelyX U100 and promoted less degradation after immersion in solvent. The BisCem control group did not present a statistical difference from the experimental groups in terms of bond strength; the control group and the 0.5 mol% group showed no degradation in solvent. For swelling coefficient and flexural strength, no difference was found between the BisCem groups (P=.067 andP=.173), and the RelyX U100 2 mol% group presented the lower value (P<.001 andP=.048). Depth of polymerization was not statistically different in the experimental groups for either resin cement (P=.999).

Conclusions.

The addition of 0.5 mol% DPIHFP improved the physical properties of dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements.

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