A novelin situsilver/hyaluronan bio-nanocomposite fabrics for wound and chronic ulcer dressing:In vitroandin vivoevaluations

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

In-situ formed hyaluronan/silver (HA/Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) were used to prepare composite fibers/fabrics for the first time. Different concentrations of silver nitrate (1, 2 mg/100 ml) were added at ambient temperature to sodium hyaluronate solution (40 mg/ml), then the pH was increased to 8 by adding sodium hydroxide. The in-situ formed HA/Ag-NPs were used to prepare fibers/nonwoven fabrics by wet-dry-spinning technique (WDST). UV/vis spectroscopy, SEM, TEM, DLS, XPS, XRD and TGA were employed to characterize the structure and composition of the nanocomposite, surface morphology of fiber/fabrics, particle size of Ag-NPs, chemical interactions of Ag0 and HA functional groups, crystallinity and thermal stability of the wound dressing, respectively. The resultant HA/Ag-NPs1 and HA/Ag-NPs2 composite showed uniformly dispersed throughout HA fiber/fabrics (SEM), an excellent distribution of Ag-NPs with 25 ± 2, nm size (TEM, DLS) and acceptable mechanical properties. The XRD analysis showed that the in-situ preparation of Ag-NPs increased the crystallinity of the resultant fabrics as well as the thermal stability. The antibacterial performance of medical HA/Ag-NPs fabrics was evaluated against gram negative bacteria E. coli K12, exhibiting significant bactericidal activity. The fibers did not show any cytotoxicity against human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT). In-vivo animal tests indicated that the prepared wound dressing has strong healing efficacy (non-diabetics/diabetics rat model) compared to the plain HA fabrics and greatly accelerated the healing process. Based on our results, the new HA/Ag-NPs-2 mg nonwoven wound dressing fabrics can be used in treating wounds and chronic ulcers as well as cell carrier in different biological research and tissue engineering.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles