Surgical reconstruction of central venous obstruction in salvaging upper extremity dialysis accesses
Central vein thrombosis or obstruction is a common complication associated with central venous catheters placed for intermittent hemodialysis. The reported outcomes of percutaneous catheter-based interventions reveal high rates of lesion recurrence with varying and frequently limited patency intervals. We present the case of open venous bypass in the treatment of catheter-associated chronic central vein occlusion.Methods:
We report a case of symptomatic arm swelling secondary to central vein stenosis and failed endovascular venous intervention treated by central vein bypass with prosthetic graft through median sternotomy.Results:
Patient had an open axillary to innominate venous bypass via median sternotomy incision, which resulted in resolution of patients symptoms and uninterrupted patency of the pre-existing vascular access.Conclusions:
Open venous bypass is a reliable alternative to endovascular intervention in the symptomatic patient with extensive central vein occlusion as a primary intervention or in whom prior endovascular therapy has failed.