Interrupted 131I Procedures for Patients With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Comparing Thyroxine Withdrawal With Recombinant Thyrotropin Preparation Techniques

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Abstract

Objective

In patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma scheduled to receive doses of 131I for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, we compared patients prepared with thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) versus recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone (rh-TSH) to evaluate the incidence of cancelled procedures because of inadequate thyroid stimulation.

Methods

Thyroid cancer patients after thyroidectomy who were scheduled for diagnostic or therapeutic 131I procedures between January 2012 and June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided based on preparation modality (THW vs rh-TSH), and the incidence of cancelled procedures was compared.

Results

Charts from 761 patients were reviewed, 292 THW and 569 rh-TSH. A total of 10 patients (3.4%) in the THW group had cancelled procedures because of insufficient thyroid stimulation (TSH < 20 mU/L). If a TSH threshold of 30 mU/L were used, 57 patients (17.1%) would have been cancelled. Comparing the groups with chi-squared analysis for both TSH thresholds yielded significantly more cancellations in the THW group (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Our study has shown that THW in preparation for 131I procedures leads to significantly more cancellations because of insufficient thyroid stimulation as compared with rh-TSH, which led to no cancellations. The added cost and inconvenience to this cancer population should therefore be considered when selecting a preparation modality.

Level of Evidence

Retrospective cohort—Level III

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