Repeat Coronary Artery Dissection in Pregnancy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

Non-atherosclerotic spontaneous coronary artery dissection (NA-SCAD) is a rare cause of morbidity and mortality with a propensity for young, healthy, and often peripartum women. NA-SCAD etiology is poorly understood, with possible hormonal and hereditary mechanisms. Current treatment strategies range from conservative management (often showing resolution on angiographic follow-up) to invasive angiographic procedures. Rarely, NA-SCAD has recurred in another coronary artery, ranging hours to years later. We report NA-SCAD of the right coronary artery (RCA) in a 30-year old, 3-month postpartum female with an additional autopsy finding of remote myocardial infarction (MI) in the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery territory. The remote MI is consistent with prior NA-SCAD of the LAD and, given the medical history, may have occurred in the peripartum period of the decedent first pregnancy 3 years earlier. As such, to the best of our knowledge, this may represent the first reported case of NA-SCAD recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy.

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