Hemodynamic and neuro-monitoring for neurocritically ill patients: An international survey of intensivists☆,☆☆,★

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Abstract

Purpose:

To investigate multimodality systemic and neuro-monitoring practices in acute brain injury (ABI) and to analyze differences among “neurointensivists” (NI; clinical practice comprised >1/3 by neurocritical care), and other intensivists (OI).

Methods:

Anonymous 22-question Web-based survey among physician members of SCCM and ESICM.

Results:

Six hundred fifty-five responded (66% completion rate); 422 (65%) were OI, and 226 (35%) were NI. More NI follow hemodynamic protocols for TBI (44.5% vs 33%, P = .007) and SAH (38% vs 21%, P < .001). For CPP optimization, NI use more arterial-waveform-analysis (AWA) (45% vs 35%, P = .019), and ultrasound (37.5% vs 28%, P = .023); NI use more PbtO2 (28% vs 10%, P < .001). In the case scenario of raised ICP/low PbtO2, most employ analgesia and/or sedation (47%) and osmotherapy (38%). More NI use pressure reactivity (vasopressor use OI 23% vs NI 34.5%, P = .014). For DCI, more NI target cardiac index (CI) (35% vs 21%, P < .001), and fluid responsiveness (62.5% vs 53%, P = .03). Also, NI use more angiography (57% vs 43.5%, P = .004), TCD (56.5% vs 38%, P < .001), CTP (32% vs16%, P < .001), and PbtO2 (18% vs 7.5%, P = .001).

Conclusions:

Intensivists with exposure to ABI patients employ more neuro- and hemodynamic monitoring. We found large heterogeneity and low overall use of advanced brain-physiology parameters.

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