Venous-Airway Fistula With Aspergilloma: A Case of an Implanted Catheter Gone Bad

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Abstract

The implanted venous access catheter is commonly used in the treatment of oncology patients. Although common long-term complications of these devices, such as infection and thrombosis, have been widely reported, venous-airway fistula due to port placement is an extremely rare and poorly understood complication. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with pancreatic adenocarcinoma whose implanted catheter was complicated by the development of an azygo-bronchial fistula with a concomitant aspergilloma. Herein is the first reported case of successful venous-airway fistula closure obtained through silicone stenting.

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