A structure-activity relationship study of ABCC2 inhibitors
Multidrug resistance associated protein 2 (MRP2/ABCC2) is a membrane transport protein that can potentially affect the disposition of many substrate drugs and their metabolites. Recently, we studied the interaction of a library of 432 compounds with ABCC2, and the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of a subset of 64 compounds divided into four scaffolds (Wissel, G. et al., 2015. Bioorg Med Chem., 23(13), pp.3513–25). We have now expanded this test set by investigating 114 new compounds, of which 71 are representative of the previous four scaffolds and 43 compounds belong to a new scaffold. Interaction with ABCC2 was assessed by measuring the compounds effect on 5(6)-carboxy-2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein transport in the vesicular transport assay. In line with our previous study, we observed that anionic charge is not essential for inhibition of ABCC2 transport, even though it often increases the inhibitory activity within the analogue series. Additionally, we found that halogen substitutions often increase the inhibitory activity. The results confirm the importance of structural features such as aromaticity and lipophilicity for ABCC2 inhibitory activity.