Clinical and Morphological Features of Paraduodenal Pancreatitis: An Italian Experience With 120 Patients

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Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiological features and clinical outcomes of paraduodenal pancreatitis (PP).

Methods

A final diagnosis of PP was based on surgical specimens in resected patients and on imaging in nonoperated patients. Clinical, radiological, and pathological data were collected and reevaluated.

Results

We studied 120 patients, 97.5% of whom were drinkers and 97.5% were smokers. Symptoms at clinical onset were acute pancreatitis in 78 patients (65%) and continuous pain in 68 patients (55.8%). Other symptoms were vomiting (36.7%), weight loss (25.8%), and jaundice (11.7%). Cystic variant was diagnosed in 82 patients (68.0%), and solid variant was diagnosed in 38 patients (32.0%). Pure and diffuse forms were observed in 22 (18.3%) and 98 (81.7%) patients, respectively. Pancreatic calcifications were present at clinical onset in 5.0% of the patients and in 61.0% at the end of follow-up. Somatostatin analogs were used in 13 patients (10.8%), and 81 patients (67.0%) underwent surgery.

Conclusions

The clinical profile of PP was found to be middle-aged men who were heavy drinkers and smokers with painful pancreatitis and was associated with vomiting and weight loss. In nonresponders, alcohol withdrawal and medical therapy can be proposed as a first-line treatment, and surgery as a second-line treatment.

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