To report or not to report: a proposal on how to deal with altered test results in hemolytic samples

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Abstract

Preanalytically altered test results are a challenge every laboratory has to face. The release of such results may be to the harm of the patient by triggering wrong clinical decision making in monitoring or treatment. On the other hand, their deletion also might be to the harm of the patient by delaying the time to decision making as the exact value sometimes is not even necessary but rather an answer to the question “Is it raised or lowered”. Based on this dilemma and forced to produce laboratory values without any clinical information on the respective patient, laboratories have developed their own preferred way on how to deal with preanalytically altered test results. Some release the value with a comment, some reject the value with or without a comment and others again provide only general information about the hemolytic sample. To date there is no guideline or standardization to this postanalytical topic. Therefore, with this opinion paper, we want to start the scientific discussion on this important issue by providing one possible method to overcome the lack of clinical information which the laboratory would need to correctly decide whether or not to release an altered test result. We suggest providing the clinician with all the information on the hemolytic sample and its impact on the respective parameter needed to make his/her own decision on the usage of the respective test result. We believe that reporting a preanalytically altered laboratory value including a respective comment is preferable to not reporting it.

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