Improving Functional and Aesthetic Outcomes in Syndromic Patients With Webbed Neck Deformity: Utilizing a Staged Endoscopic-Assisted Approach to Improve the Posterior Hairline and Decrease Scar Burden

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Abstract

Introduction:

Webbed neck deformity (WND) can have significant functional and psychosocial impact on the developing child. Surgical correction can be challenging depending on the extent of the deformity, and patients often also have low posterior hairlines requiring simultaneous correction. Current surgical techniques include various methods of single-stage radical excision that often result in visible scar burden and residual deformity. There is currently no general consensus of which technique provides the best outcomes.

Methods:

A modified approach to WND was designed by the senior author aimed to decrease scar burden. Endoscopic-assisted fasciectomy was performed with simultaneous posterior hairline reconstruction with local tissue rearrangement camouflaged within the hair-bearing scalp. Staged surgical correction was planned rather than correction in a single operation. A retrospective review was performed to evaluate all patients who underwent this approach over a 2-year period.

Results:

Two patients underwent the modified approach, a 17-year-old female with Noonan syndrome and a 2-year-old female with Turner syndrome. Both patients showed postoperative improvement in range of motion, contour of the jaw and neckline, and posterior hairline definition. Patients were found to have decreased scar burden compared with traditional techniques.

Discussion:

A staged, combination approach of endoscopic-assisted fasciectomy and strategic local tissue reconstruction of the posterior hairline to correct WND achieves good functional and aesthetic results and good patient satisfaction. This modification should be considered when managing WND.

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