Outcomes of Lung Transplantation for Infants and Children with Genetic Disorders of Surfactant Metabolism.
To compare outcomes of infants and children who underwent lung transplantation for genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism (SFTPB, SFTPC, ABCA3, and NKX2-1) over 2 epochs (1993-2003 and 2004-2015) at St Louis Children's Hospital.STUDY DESIGN
We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics, mortality, and short- and long-term morbidities of infants (transplanted at <1 year; n = 28) and children (transplanted >1 year; n = 16) and compared outcomes by age at transplantation (infants vs children) and by epoch of transplantation.RESULTS
Infants underwent transplantation more frequently for surfactant protein-B deficiency, whereas children underwent transplantation more frequently for SFTPC mutations. Both infants and children underwent transplantation for ABCA3 deficiency. Compared with children, infants experienced shorter times from listing to transplantation (P = .014), were more likely to be mechanically ventilated at the time of transplantation (P < .0001), were less likely to develop bronchiolitis obliterans post-transplantation (P = .021), and were more likely to have speech and motor delays (P ≤ .0001). Despite advances in genetic diagnosis, immunosuppressive therapies, and supportive respiratory and nutritional therapies, mortality did not differ between infants and children (P = .076) or between epochs. Kaplan-Meier analyses demonstrated that children transplanted in epoch 1 (1993-2003) were more likely to develop systemic hypertension (P = .049) and less likely to develop post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder compared with children transplanted in epoch 2 (2004-2015) (P = .051).CONCLUSION
Post-lung transplantation morbidities and mortality remain substantial for infants and children with genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism.