Golimumab in real-life settings: 2 Years drug survival and predictors of clinical outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, and psoriatic arthritis.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess the drug survival of golimumab, and predictors thereof, in patients affected with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in a prospective observational cohort.

METHODS

This is a non-interventional, longitudinal study on RA, SpA, and PsA patients starting treatment with golimumab. Endpoints were the 2 years persistence rate of golimumab and predictors of therapy discontinuation. Drug retention was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox models. Hazard ratios (HR) of golimumab discontinuation were estimated by Cox-regression hazard models.

RESULTS

Of 416 patients starting golimumab, 171 biologic-naïve and 245 inadequate responders to prior biologic drugs, 88 had RA, 147 SpA, and 181 PsA. Global 2 years drug retention was 70.2%, with no different hazard of discontinuation among diseases or line of biologic treatment. The strongest predictor of golimumab discontinuation was female gender (HR = 1.95). Golimumab monotherapy was associated with higher risk drug interruption (HR = 1.67). Within SpA, predictors of golimumab discontinuation were female sex (HR = 4.19), and absence of extra-articular manifestations (HR = 4.60). In PsA, duration of disease was negatively associated to drug interruption (HR = 0.93), whereas golimumab monotherapy was positively (HR = 2.21) associated. Interestingly, failing to achieve a good EULAR response at 3 months was the only predictor of golimumab discontinuation for RA patients (HR = 3.03).

CONCLUSIONS

This study provided evidence that golimumab has high retention rate in real-life settings. SpA male patients with extra-articular manifestations, PsA patients on co-therapy with DMARDs, and RA patients attaining an early clinical response had the highest probability to continue golimumab over 2 years.

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