Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair among octogenarians at high and standard risk for open repair
Octogenarians with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms are at higher risk of death and morbidity after open repair. Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) is an alternative to open repair for high-risk patients, such as octogenarians. The aim of this study was to evaluate perioperative and midterm outcomes of FEVAR among octogenarians at high and standard risk for open repair.Methods:
During a 2-year period, 85 patients (68 men [78%] and 17 women [22%]) underwent FEVAR using Zenith (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) Fenestrated AAA Endovascular Grafts (70%), Zenith p-Branch (7%), and fenestrated custom-made devices (22%). Demographics and perioperative and follow-up outcomes of patients aged >80 years (n = 18 [21%]) and patients aged <80 years (n = 67 [79%]) were compared. The χ2 or Fisher test was used for categorical variables, and nonparametric tests were used for continuous variables. Kaplan-Meir curve was used for survival analysis.Results:
Median age was 73 years (interquartile range [IQR], 68-79 years) for the entire cohort, 84 years (IQR, 81-86 years) among octogenarians, and 71 years (IQR, 67-75) for younger patients. Median aneurysm size was 56 mm (IQR, 53-62 mm). The median number of fenestrations was three. Preoperatively, octogenarians had higher Society for Vascular Surgery score (5.5 [IQR, 5-7] vs 5 [IQR, 3-6]; P = .01) and lower body mass index (26 [IQR, 21-27] vs 28 [24-32]; P = .04). Intraoperatively, technical success was 100% for both groups. The median operative time for octogenarians was 224 minutes (IQR, 160-272) vs 212 minutes (IQR, 177-281) in patients <80 years (P = .59). The median hospital length of stay was 3.5 days (IQR, 2-5) for octogenarians vs 4 days (IQR, 2-5) in younger patients (P = .87). Intensive care unit length of stay was 2 days for patients from both groups (IQR, 1-3). The rate of postoperative complications was 28% for octogenarians and 36% for patients aged <80 years (P = .5). None of the patients in this series required dialysis. No 30-day deaths occurred. The 20-month estimated survival rate was 75% in octogenarians and 91% in patients <80 years (P = .1). The rate of reinterventions at 20 months was 10% for octogenarians and 57% for younger patients (P = .09).Conclusions:
FEVAR is a safe and effective procedure in octogenarians at high and standard risk for open repair and those who are not eligible for standard endovascular aneurysm repair. Octogenarians have a similar technical success and low major adverse events similar to patients younger than 80 years.