Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair among octogenarians at high and standard risk for open repair

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Abstract

Background:

Octogenarians with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms are at higher risk of death and morbidity after open repair. Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) is an alternative to open repair for high-risk patients, such as octogenarians. The aim of this study was to evaluate perioperative and midterm outcomes of FEVAR among octogenarians at high and standard risk for open repair.

Methods:

During a 2-year period, 85 patients (68 men [78%] and 17 women [22%]) underwent FEVAR using Zenith (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) Fenestrated AAA Endovascular Grafts (70%), Zenith p-Branch (7%), and fenestrated custom-made devices (22%). Demographics and perioperative and follow-up outcomes of patients aged >80 years (n = 18 [21%]) and patients aged <80 years (n = 67 [79%]) were compared. The χ2 or Fisher test was used for categorical variables, and nonparametric tests were used for continuous variables. Kaplan-Meir curve was used for survival analysis.

Results:

Median age was 73 years (interquartile range [IQR], 68-79 years) for the entire cohort, 84 years (IQR, 81-86 years) among octogenarians, and 71 years (IQR, 67-75) for younger patients. Median aneurysm size was 56 mm (IQR, 53-62 mm). The median number of fenestrations was three. Preoperatively, octogenarians had higher Society for Vascular Surgery score (5.5 [IQR, 5-7] vs 5 [IQR, 3-6]; P = .01) and lower body mass index (26 [IQR, 21-27] vs 28 [24-32]; P = .04). Intraoperatively, technical success was 100% for both groups. The median operative time for octogenarians was 224 minutes (IQR, 160-272) vs 212 minutes (IQR, 177-281) in patients <80 years (P = .59). The median hospital length of stay was 3.5 days (IQR, 2-5) for octogenarians vs 4 days (IQR, 2-5) in younger patients (P = .87). Intensive care unit length of stay was 2 days for patients from both groups (IQR, 1-3). The rate of postoperative complications was 28% for octogenarians and 36% for patients aged <80 years (P = .5). None of the patients in this series required dialysis. No 30-day deaths occurred. The 20-month estimated survival rate was 75% in octogenarians and 91% in patients <80 years (P = .1). The rate of reinterventions at 20 months was 10% for octogenarians and 57% for younger patients (P = .09).

Conclusions:

FEVAR is a safe and effective procedure in octogenarians at high and standard risk for open repair and those who are not eligible for standard endovascular aneurysm repair. Octogenarians have a similar technical success and low major adverse events similar to patients younger than 80 years.

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